London Transport
Central Area Routes 30–35

Last updated 23-08-10.

Route 30 is very long-established route running daily between Hackney Wick and Roehampton via Hackney, Dalston, Highbury, Islington, King’s Cross, Euston, Warren Street, Baker Street, Marble Arch, Hyde Park Corner, Knightsbridge, South Kensington, West Brompton, Fulham, Putney and Dover House Road. In 1981 it was rerouted at Putney via Putney Heath, and extended on Saturdays and Sundays in Roehampton from Earl Spencer to Bessborough Road. Later that year it was withdrawn from Bessborough Road and diverted to Danebury Avenue instead. In 1982 it was withdrawn between Putney Heath and Roehampton, replaced by the 74 and 349, and also rerouted between Dalston and Hackney via Hackney Downs. In 1987 it was withdrawn between West Brompton and Putney Heath. In 1991 it was withdrawn between Euston and West Brompton and diverted at Euston to Trafalgar Square via Russell Square, Kingsway, Aldwych and Strand but the following year it was diverted at Euston to run over its old routeing to Marble Arch again. (This section is now covered by the 91.) It has been worked variously by Ash Grove, Clapton [CT], Bow [BW], Hackney [H] Leyton [T], Putney [AF] and Stratford garages with RT, RTL and Routemaster buses.

to WENDOVER - to ROEHAMPTON
2d route 30 ticket
◀ This poster, entitled Tickets From Baker Street, is from a time when posters gave much more detailed information than today’s. It dates from 1938 and was posted in and around the Baker Street station booking hall, platforms and possibly at bus stops close-by. It advertises two places that could be reached from Baker Street Station: Wendover—then still on the Metroplitan Line which stretched into parts of Buckinghamshire—and Roehampton, near to Putney, for a day out by bus route 30 from outside the station. This is a stunning poster—really a joint effort between tube, bus and rail—that shows that even in the ’30s there were attempts to mix the three and help each other along. The poster is unique in its design and carries some eye-catching colours for its time. It measures 24½ × 39½ inches (62 × 100 cm), is linen backed (an enourmous extravagance by today’s standards), was printed by Waterlow & Sons, and carries reference number 38.1105.150.(2).

A 2d ticket for route 30 from the mid-1930s. The coloured ink has faded so much over the years that it is almost impossible to read the value. ▶
30
30
30

31
The 31 is not an easy route to find on “E” plates generally, as there were few changes to it over the years and what few survivors that exist are in generally poor condition due to their extended exposure to the elements.
31
31 ALIGHTING POINT ONLY
ALIGHTING POINT ONLY “E” plates were usually made for specific locations: often just before a route’s terminus, but occasionally at major traffic points where it was felt desirable to keep the flow of boarding and alighting passengers separated.
31 CHELSEA
This will be an astonishingly rare “E” plate, and I imagine it came from a stop at Swiss Cottage where the nature of the one-way street system meant that buses in both directions passed the same stop.
Winter Cavalcade
Bus 31 was just one of the suggested ways of getting to the 1937-38 Winter Cavalcade at Earls Court. Margaret Barnard designed this poster and a similar one that was used the following year.
© London Transport Museum

Route 31 is an old established route that ran daily from Camden Town to Chelsea (Stanley Arms) via Chalk Farm, Swiss Cottage, Kilburn, Westbourne Park, Westbourne Grove, Notting Hill Gate, Kensington and Earl’s Court. In 1934 it was operating every three minutes, with a 47-minute end-to-end running time and a 7d (3p) maximum fare. In 1987 it was converted to one-man operation on Sundays, and in 1989 midibuses replaced double deckers. In 1999 the 31 saw its first routeing change and was withdrawn between Notting Hill Gate and Chelsea, being replaced by new route 328. In 2005 the route was converted to low-floor double deck operation.


Route 32 was introduced in June 1970 and ran daily between Edgware Station and Kilburn Park Station via Burnt Oak, Colindale, West Hendon and Cricklewood. It was converted from Routemaster to one-man-operation in March 1971 after only nine months service. In 1981 some journeys were diverted to run to Mill Hill Broadway via Grahame Park Estate, but these were withdrawn between Grahame Park and Mill Hill in 1992 and withdrawn completely in 1996.

An eaight-page publicity booklet for the introduction of omo DMS buses to the 32, effective 13 March 1971. It contains details of the route changes, times of first and last buses, and a fare table. A separate flyer was inserted advertising for Bus Drivers who can now earn (including overtime) £29 (or more).
32
32

33 MON.-FRI.
Both of the first two “E” plates could have come from either route, which both had Monday-to-Friday and Monday-to-Saturday sections.
33 MON.-SAT.
33 MON.-SAT. - 73 SUNDAY
This plate could have come from anywhere along the joint section of (second) route 33 and route 73 between Hammersmith Station and Hounslow Bus Station, pretty much any time in the ’70s.
2d route 33 ticket

◀ A 2d London General ticket for route 33.

Route 33 was introduced in 1962 and ran on Mondays to Saturdays between Becontree Heath and Plaistow (Greengate) via Green Lane, Becontree, Bennetts Castle Lane, Longbridge Road, Barking, East Ham and Upton Park, extended on Saturdays to Canning Town. In 1965 the Saturday service was withdrawn, and the route was extended during Monday to Friday rush hours from Plaistow to Silvertown (Holt Road) via Canning Town. It was withdrawn on 31st December 1966, the same day as the Hounslow–Hammermsith–Kensington route 33 started!

The current route 33 replaced the western end of route 73, and ran on Mondays to Saturdays between Hounslow Garage and Hammersmith via Whitton, Twickenham, Richmond, East Sheen and Barnes, continuing on to Kensington (Queen’s Gate) on Mondays to Fridays, or Brook Green Hotel on Saturdays. In 1970 the Saturday shopping hour service was altered to run to Kensington. In 1982 it was rerouted at Twickenham to run to Fulwell Garage via Waldegrave Road and Teddington, and also introduced on Sundays between Fulwell and Hammermsith (Brook Green Hotel). In 1985 the daily service was extended to Kensington. In 1988 it was extended on Sundays from Fulwell Garage to Nurserylands Estate via Hampton Hill, but this was cut back again in 1990. In 1991 it was withdrawn between Hammersmith Broadway and Kensington.


2d route 34 ticket1977 route 34 leaflet

Route 34 is a very long-established route running between Barnet and Walthamstow via Whetstone, Arnos Grove, Palmers Green and Edmonton. It had extensions at various times to Leyton Green and Downsell Road, or to Leytonstone. Latterly, between 1977 and 1981, the service in Leytonstone between Green Man and Harrow Green was reduced to just a few peak hour journeys. The 34 lost crew operation in 1977, and today’s route has settled between Barnet Church and Walthamstow.

◀ A 6d London General Return Trip ticket for route 34.

This leaflet was distributed in advance of the conversion of the 34 from RT- to DMS-type double-deckers on 10 September 1977. ▶
34
34 FARE STAGE
34 MON.-FRI.
34 MON.-FRI. PEAK HOURS SPECIAL JOURNEYS
◀ This “E” plate is likely to have come from one of the few stops over the short section between Green Man and Harrow Green in the years 1977–1981. There would not have been many of them.
By using condensed lettering, it was possible to fit SPECIAL JOURNEYS all onto one line, thereby allowing a larger, more visible route number on this plate. ▶
34 MON.-FRI. PEAK HOURS SPECIAL JOURNEYS

35
35
35 FARE STAGE
35-48
This “E” plate would have most likely come from the common section of routes 35 and 48 between Shoreditch and London Bridge.

Route 35 had its origins in a Great Eastern service which began running in October 1906 between Leyton (Bakers Arms) and Elephant & Castle via London Bridge, Gracechurch Street, Bishopsgate, Shoreditch, Kingsland Road and Lea Bridge Road. In 1911 Great Eastern was acquired by the London General Omnibus Company, the route number 35 was assigned, and journeys were extended to Walthamstow (Hoe Street), continuing onwards on summer Sundays to Chingford (Royal Forest Hotel). A year later the Walthamstow terminal was moved outwards to the Crooked Billet. In 1913 service was extended from The Elephant to Camberwell Green. The following summer this extension was withdrawn, followed by weekday journeys in November, but service was only cut back to Chingford Mount instead of Walthamstow for the winter. In 1919 weekday service resumed, now extended south to West Norwood (Rosendale Hotel) via Camberwell and Hearne Hill, and terminating at Walthamstow (Wood Street) in the north. In 1921 the route was diverted back to Clapham Common from West Norwood. In 1922 it was extended from Walthamstow to Highams Park, and during that summer only, also extended fromClapham to Kew Gardens. In 1940 route 35 was revised to operate between Clapham Common (Old Town) and Chingford Hatch (Friday Hill) via Brixton, Camberwell Green, Walworth Road, Elephant & Castle, Borough, London Bridge, Monument, Liverpool Street, Shoreditch, Kingsland Road, Dalston Junction, Pembury Road, Clapton, Lea Bridge Road, Bakers Arms, Whipps Cross, Wood Street, Highams Park and Larkshall Road. In 1964 the Monday to Friday off-peak and evening service was split into two sections: Chingford Hatch–Dalston and Clapton–Clapham Common. In 1966 Saturday journeys were extended from Chingford Hatch to Chingford (Royal Forest Hotel) via Friday Hill. In 1968 the 35 was withdrawn between Shoreditch and Clapham Common, rerouted instead to Hackney Station via Cambridge Heath, and the outer section was hived off as new route 235. In 1982 Monday to Saturday service was extended from Hackney Station to Clapton Pond. In 1986 the route was converted to one-person-operation. At the same time it was extended from Clapham Common to Clapham Junction (St. Johns Hill), and Sunday service was extended from Hackney to Clapton Pond. A year later the Clapton terminus was changed to Homerton Hospital instead of Clapton Pond. Buses loop via Urswick Road, Homerton High Street, Fenn Street and Homerton Grove, returning via Wardle Street, Homerton High Street and Urswick Road. In 1990 the 35 was withdrawn between Shoreditch and Homerton Hospital except for Monday to Saturday garage journeys which continued on to Ash Grove Garage. In May 1991 the Clapham terminal was changed from St. Johns Hill to Grant Road, and six months later the Ash Grove Garage journeys were withdrawn. In 2007 eastbound journeys to Clapham Common Station were rerouted at Clapham Common via Long Road instead of North Side and The Pavement. It is still a major trunk route today, and it is difficult to believe that buses once ran through from Clapham Common to Chingford Hatch.

Route 48 ran between Whipps Cross and London Bridge via Leyton, Clapton, Dalston, Shoreditch and Liverpool Street.

A more detailed history of route 35 can be found in Kenneth Warren’s book, The Motorbus in Central London (Ian Allan, 1986; ISBN 0 7110 1568 6).


Route 35A began operating in May 1946 on “summer ” (typically May through October) Saturdays and Sundays only between Clapham Common (Old Town) and High Beach (Kings Oak) via Brixton, Camberwell Green, Walworth Road, Elephant & Castle, Borough, London Bridge, Monument, Liverpool Street, Shoreditch, Kingsland Road, Dalston Junction, Pembury Road, Clapton, Lea Bridge Road, Baker’s Arms, Whipps Cross, Wood Street, Highamns Park, Larkshall Road, Kings Road, Station Road, Chingford and Rangers Road. Saturday journeys were eliminated by the end of the decade, and in 1956 the route was withdrawn between Chingford (Royal Forest Hotel) and High Beach. The service was withdrawn in November 1964.

A more detailed history of route 35A can be found in Kenneth Warren’s book, The Motorbus in Central London (Ian Allan, 1986; ISBN 0 7110 1568 6).

35A SUNDAY
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